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Eastern Cape - November 2008
Free State - November 2008
Gauteng - November 2008
KwaZulu-Natal - November 2008
Limpopo - November 2008
Mpumalanga - November 2008
Northern Cape - November 2008
North West - November 2008
Western Cape - November 2008
Map for the Annual Groundwater Status Report, March 2015
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Groundwater Home

Groundwater Offices

Data Management



Groundwater Dictionary





Geohydrological Monitoring and Assessment (GMA)  

  • The on-going assessment of groundwater resources in terms of occurrence, quantification, quality, development potential and protection requirements in support of groundwater resources management.

  • Auditing and optimisation of groundwater monitoring programmes and networks. Expansion of national network coverage and gradual upgrade to a national real time monitoring network.

  • The on-going provision of technical and scientific support for groundwater development and integrated water resource management (allocation, conservation, resource directed measures, water quality management) at all levels.

  • Current research, developments, projects and programmes - not updated

  • Contacts

Groundwater Information

  • The on-going development and maintenance of a national groundwater information system, its population with data of best possible quality, establishment of appropriate national standards in support of integrated water resource management.

  • Contacts

Regional Support

  • The core function is to support the Regions in the creation of their Regional Groundwater Master Plans (RGMP). RGMP are used to identify the shortcomings and actions needed to improve the data and information about groundwater in each Region. RGMP are used to describe projects to address shortcomings. These RGMP are seen as indispensable to improve the image of groundwater. A framework for the approach to such Regional Groundwater Master Plans [PDF - 61 KB] has been developed and can be downloaded for viewing.

  • Contacts

Groundwater Reserve Determination (GWRD)

  • The main functions of the GWRD are to develop policies, strategies and guidelines towards the protection of groundwater resources through the determination of the groundwater component of the Reserve. Before water can be allocated for any other use, a preliminary Reserve, Strategic use, International obligations and General Authorization, must be set aside. Of importance is the groundwater Reserve, which needs to be determined to ensure that some groundwater is available for Basic Human Needs and the Ecological Water Requirements.
    Groundwater component of the Reserve can be initiated through priority list set by the Water Resource Planning Directorate or can be initiated at the request of the Regional Office.

  • GWRD support the Regional Offices (RO), through their requests, with Groundwater Reserve Determination studies. Such studies establish whether the groundwater demand is exceeded by groundwater availability. In such instances, compulsory water use licensing will follow to reconcile access between different water users to distribute available groundwater resources equitably.

    Alternatively, Regional Offices can request for the Reserve determination to ensure that there is still groundwater to be allocated to other users. However, Regional Offices need to monitor if there are no cumulative impacts such that the determined Reserve is not impacted upon.

    Although there is General Authorization set for every five years since 1999, to ease access to groundwater without applying for a water use licence, it is imperative for RO to ensure that General Authorization is not used by unregistered users. This can in the long run prove detrimental to groundwater Reserve, where the latter has priority over all other uses.

  • Current research, developments, projects and programmes - not updated

  • Contacts

Integrated Hydrological Planning

  • To develop policies, strategies and guidelines for the assessment, planning and management and modification; to support planning decision support needs and water resource management objectives. To render specialist project and management support at strategic level with regards to conjunctive use, thereby enhancing our limited water resources.

  • Current research, developments, projects and programmes - not updated
  • Contacts

Water Resources Classification (WRC)

  • To develop policies, strategies, systems, methodologies and guidelines to facilitate the protection of water resources through the progressive classification of significant water resources as well as determine in a phased and progressive manner, the classes of significant water resources in the country

    • The main functions of the WRC are to develop policies, strategies, systems, methodologies and guidelines for the classification of water resources.

    • Develop and incrementally update a water resources classification system.

    • Coordinate the determination of the class of all significant water resources.

    • Scientific and water resource classification related support for the implementation of strategic imperatives (i.e. Water for Growth & Development (WfGD), Climate Change and National Water Resources Strategy (NWRS)).

    • Develop and maintain strategic relationships within the department and with other organs of state, Non-Governmental Organisations (NGO’s) and stakeholders.

    • Develop and maintain the necessary Water Resources Classification support required to fulfil this function.

  • Current research, developments, projects and programmes - not updated
  • Contacts

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Resource Protection & Waste

  • Implementation of the National Water Act by developing, overseeing, providing support and advice on legislation mechanisms (policies, strategies, regulations, procedures, guidelines, management practices) through groundwater specialist input on water use licence applications for:

    • The authorisation of water uses

    • Disposal activities of all sources of waste (Local government and other water services institutions, mines, industries and agriculture) for the protection of water resources

    • Comments for drafting of waste related regulations and guidelines

    • Control of water uses that relates to future, current and historic waste discharge

  • Contacts



    • Current groundwater research, developments, projects and programmes. - not updated

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